Teak is a highly durable and strong hardwood that is resistant to rot, decay, and insects. The heartwood is a rich golden-brown color, which darkens with age, and has a straight grain and a coarse, uneven texture. The wood has excellent dimensional stability and is relatively easy to work with, although it can be difficult to glue and finish due to its high natural oil content.
Teak is a highly valued timber for a range of applications due to its durability, strength, and attractive appearance. It is commonly used in shipbuilding, furniture, flooring, paneling, decking, outdoor furniture, and decorative veneers.
Burmese teak, Indian teak, Java teak, Thai teak, Tanzanian teak, African teak
Teak is a large deciduous tree that can reach a height of up to 40 meters (130 feet) and a trunk diameter of up to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet). The tree has a straight, cylindrical bole with a light grey bark, which is smooth when young and rough and scaly when mature. The leaves are large, up to 50 centimeters (20 inches) long and 30 centimeters (12 inches) wide, and are arranged in opposite pairs on the branches. Teak trees produce small white flowers in dense clusters, and the fruit is a hard, oval-shaped capsule.
Teak is native to South and Southeast Asia, but it has been widely planted in tropical regions around the world, including Africa, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and the Pacific Islands. It is commonly found in countries such as India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Teak is commonly found in tropical hardwood forests, growing in a range of soil types, including sandy and clay soils. It prefers well-drained soils and can tolerate both drought and waterlogged conditions.
Teak is widely cultivated for its valuable wood, and is available commercially in many countries around the world. However, due to its slow growth rate, it is relatively expensive compared to other types of wood.